The big apple keeps more than the doctor away
by Vic Shayne
Does an apple a day do what they say? University of Wisconsin scientists say apples are a source of soluble and insoluble fiber. Soluble fiber such as pectin actually helps to prevent cholesterol buildup in the lining of blood vessel walls, reducing the risk of atherosclerosis and heart disease. The insoluble fiber provides bulk in the intestinal tract, holding water to cleanse and move food quickly through the digestive system.
It is a good idea to eat apples with their skin. Almost half of the vitamin C content is just underneath the skin. Eating the skin also increases insoluble fiber content.
Make sure your apples are organic
But eat organic apples, otherwise the skin is source of poisons. The Environmental Working Group (EWG) placed non organic apples at the top of their chart of foods with the most pesticides. Apples are the first on the EWG’s “dirty dozen” list, followed by celery, strawberries, peaches, spinach and nectarines.
The historical apple travels across the world
The apple tree is one of the earliest trees to be cultivated and its fruits have been improved through selection over thousands of years. Alexander the Great (or one of his flunkies) has been credited with finding dwarfed apples in Kazakhstan and Asia in 328 BCE. He brought the fruit back home to his native Macedonia. Apples were brought to North America by colonists in the 17th century and the first apple orchard on the North American continent was near Boston in 1625. In the 20th century, irrigation projects in Washington state began and allowed the development of the multibillion dollar fruit industry, of which the apple is the leading species.1
- “Origin, History of cultivation”. University of Georgia. Archived from the original on 21 January 2008. Retrieved 22 January 2008.